Frederick VI 1808-1814


 Coins from  
Frederick VI 

Da When Frederick VI was 16 year old, he participated in a coup that ousted Guldberg as secretary of the royal council and put an end to the power of Dowager Queen Juliane Marie and Crown Prince Frederick. Following the coup, he governed the country on behalf of his father, Christian VII, who was mentally ill. The period of this administration lasting until the end of the 1790s has been referred to as “the government of great reforms in the spirit of enlightened autocracy”. The penal code was modified and made more compassionate, a public health administration was established and freedom of the press was restored. Cultural pursuits flourished in this period with a flowering of literature and science. Frederick lent his full support to the important land reforms that were implemented by the brothers Reventlow, A.P. Bernstorff and C. Colbjørnsen, a Norwegian. 

After Bernstorff died in 1797, Frederick took over the responsibility for foreign policy. In 1800 he signed a neutrality pact with Sweden and Russia, but was compelled to renege on the treaty when defeated by a British fleet in the Battle of the Roadstead at Copenhagen in 1801. The British bombardment of Copenhagen in 1807 forced Frederick to surrender the Danish-Norwegian fleet. 

Embittered, Frederick allied himself with Napoleon. This alliance (1807-1814) resulted in the loss of Norway to Sweden in the Treaty of Kiel. 

In 1814, Frederick abandoned his strict autocracy and reinstated the ministers and cabinet ministers in the positions they had previously held. He remained king of Denmark until his death in 1839. 

Monetary units: 
Eight-skilling, four-skilling, two-skilling, skilling
Mint site: